New health certificates required for imports from EU and rest of the world
Import and transit health certificates as published in EU legislation are being replaced by certificates published by DEFRA for imports of products of animal origin (including animal by-products) into GB both from the EU and the rest of the world and for transits through GB.
The wording of the GB certificates is very similar to the existing EU certificates although there are changes in some certificates, for example the inclusion of additional animal health requirements (where required) in the fishery products for human consumption certificate
You can find specimens of the new certificates here https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/health-certificates-for-animal-and-animal-product-imports-to-great-britain
These certificates are mandatory for all consignments where the date of issue of the health certificate is on or after 1st July 2021
Notes for completion of the new certificates
DEFRA has published information as to how these certificates must be completed here https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/how-to-complete-a-health-certificate-for-imports-to-great-britain
In particular note the consignee/importer details to be entered in box I.5 must be name and address of the natural or legal person receiving the consignment in GB
Unfortunately the box numbers in the DEFRA guidance do not necessarily reflect the box numbers on the specimen certificates. Therefore, as the new UK certificates are based on the specimen EU certificates, for products covered by Reg.(EU) 2019/628 (fishery products, honey, snails, frogs legs, gelatine, highly-refined products) you may find it more helpful to consult the notes for completion in Annex II of that regulation (page 18 onwards) https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:02019R0628-20190517&qid=1612129537012&from=EN
For other products (fresh meat, meat preparations, meat products, dairy products, egg products, animal by-products) consult Decision 2007/240 starting on page 8 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32007D0240&qid=1612129717621&from=EN
Requirements for imports into GB from EU – staged approach
There is currently a staged approach for imports of products of animal origin, composite products and animal by-products, hay and straw from the EU as detailed here: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/importing-or-moving-live-animals-animal-products-and-high-risk-food-and-feed-not-of-animal-origin
The following summary applies to products other than Category 1 or Category 2 animal by-products and germinal products (semen, embryos, ova) – see the weblink for details concerning these products and live animals
Arrivals before 1st October 2021:
Imports can take place on commercial documents as previously. No health certificate is required, products can enter through any port (does not have to be a BCP) and are not declared on IPAFFS
Arrivals 1st October 2021 to 31st December 2021:
Must have the GB format health certificate and a Common Health Entry Document (CHED) must be completed on IPAFFS.
Can enter through any port. The health certificate and CHED must be lodged with the relevant port health authority which may not necessarily be a BCP. We expect further advice from DEFRA as to what checks if any should be done on these documents
Arrivals 1st January 2022 onwards:
Must have GB format health certificate and be declared on IPAFFS and a CHED submitted to the BCP.
Must enter through a BCP approved for the product concerned.
Full official border controls (veterinary checks) will be undertaken in the same way as for imports from the rest of the world except only about 1% of consignments will be examined, most being released on document only checks
You can find a list of GB BCPs here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/uk-border-control-posts-animal-and-animal-product-imports
The list is expected to be expanded considerably as new GB BCPs are built and approved e.g. for Harwich, Dover, Channel Tunnel
If you need further information there is a wealth of information on the gov.uk website. The following are of particular relevance:
Guidance on importing or moving live animals, animal products and high risk food and feed not of animal origin:
The Border Operating Model: